What do you know about the export of nuts and dried fruits?

Iran is one of the largest producers of pistachios, dried figs, dates and raisins in the world and has been able to use its production capacity to export nuts to Europe, such as pistachios and dates, is a major competitor to other producing countries.
The guide to exporting nuts to Europe will help you to better understand the very large market for exporting to Europe and to be able to have more powerful economic and export activities. Iranian dried fruit is one of the best-selling Iranian products in the world, and 5% of total exports are related to dried fruit exports; According to available statistics, Iran's dried fruit exports are more than two billion dollars annually.

Iranian Nuts Market:
Imports of peanut nuts are growing in Europe due to the consumer's tendency towards a healthier life. The Netherlands, exports to Germany, the United Kingdom and emerging markets in Central and Eastern Europe provide opportunities for nuts suppliers. Food safety certification with repeated laboratory tests, along with corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards, can provide great benefits to dried fruit exporters.
According to the statistics of the union of dried fruit exporters in the first seven months of 1396, the export of Iranian pistachios and pistachio kernels weighing 38,535,123 tons and worth $ 530623294, was at the top of Iran's dried fruit exports. Raisins with a weight of 51,403,919 tons and a value of $ 90,814,035 were in second place. Iran is the first exporter of pistachios and the third largest exporter of raisins.
Among the dried fruits exported from Iran, the major part was the export of dried fruits, pistachios, raisins and dates to Europe; Eastern European countries have also been markets for date exports. One of the major markets for dried fruit exports are European countries, which will be examined separately in the following statistics of import volume, type of product demanded and countries requesting dried fruits.

Statistics of dried fruit exports to Europe

The European Union is the world's largest dried fruit market; It accounts for more than 40% of total world imports. The volume of dried fruit imports to Europe is constantly increasing. The outlook for dried fruit exports in Europe has been positive for a long time and is expected to continue to grow in the coming years.
Since 2012, dried fruit imports have increased by 10% year-on-year, reaching $ 11 billion a year in 2016. During the same period, European imports in terms of annual quantity increased by 5% and reached 2.7 million tons.


Categories of products in the export of nuts to Europe:
Edible nuts and dried fruits are two different groups of products that are commonly traded by companies in international trade. The reason for this is that they are more durable compared to fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as easier storage conditions. Edible nuts and dried fruits are mostly used as snacks or as raw materials in bakeries or confectioneries.
Since 2012, dried fruit imports have increased by 10% year-on-year, reaching $ 11 billion a year in 2016. During the same period, European imports in terms of annual quantity increased by 5% and reached 2.7 million tons.


Quality of dried fruits for export:
To obtain a license to export dried fruits, the products must be of good quality; For this reason, the full name of the country of origin must be written on the exported nuts; Products that do not meet a specific standard must have a general standard.
The prevalence of mycotoxins in peanut nuts is lower than in other crops such as nuts or corn. Most, but not all, sources agree that aflatoxins are not a problem in the production of peanut nuts because their shells contain cardol, which prevents the production of aflatoxins. However, peanut nuts must comply with strict European regulations on maximum levels of contaminants.
The presence of very small amounts of Salmonella and E. Coli in prepared or processed foods, including peanuts, is an important cause of foodborne illness. Tree nut sellers should consider Salmonella and E. Coli as major public health hazards in their HACCP risk analysis programs.

Export dried fruit label:
In the dried fruit trade, the following labels should be on the products.

• Product name must be announced; It should be specified if it is naturally dried or sugar has been added (for some dried fruits).
• Information about nuts should contain specifications, especially if they are in the skin.
• For some dried fruits that have seeds or kernels; The label must state this feature.
• In addition to grading, the specifications and year of manufacture of the product must be specified on the label.

Dried fruit packaging for export:
Export packaging of dried fruits and nuts should have the following characteristics:

• Protection of features and product quality
• Contamination product protection (including packaging tool contamination)
• Protects against odors, tastes, colors and other product features

Food safety must be measured to ensure that no high, non-standard levels of chemicals enter the food. There is no general rule for export packaging; But dried fruits and nuts are usually packed in cartons with plastic liners. Peeled nuts used for wholesale are usually packaged in scented or hemp plastic bags. Quality, labeling and packaging are some of the features that should be considered when exporting goods and nuts to Europe.